HS111: Medical Terminology
INSTRUCTIONS: Guided response: Assume the role of the patient and ask further questions about the educational explanation of your medical visit which you would find vital to your good health going forward. Are there any terms that need clarifying? Do you have questions about the medications or follow up care?
CLASSMATE POST #1
It seems that your donor sites on your thighs as well as your right upper arm has healed nicely. But your left upper arm and your neck have hypertrophic scarring and keloid formation. Hypertrophic scarring is a thickened, wide, and often raised scar that develops where the skin is injured. Keloids can occur in some cases after injury, they are formed smooth, hard growths off extra scar tissue. Symptoms of a keloid can include localized area that is flesh-colored, pink, or red, lumpy or ridged area of skin thatâ€™s usually raised, an area that continues to grow larger with scar tissue over time, and an itchy patch of skin.
In order to attempt to repair this, we plan to do a surgery to collect the keloid formation on the left arm and neck. For the surgery, we will remove the keloid scar and then close the wound back up in hopes that a new keloid will not form.
Nall, R. (2019b, June 3). Everything You Need to Know About Keloid Scars. Retrieved April 9, 2020, from https://www.healthline.com/health/keloids
CLASSMATE POST #2
Good morning Mr Turner,
I just want to explain to you how the your burn areas are healing since you had your surgery. Since your surgery the donor areas on both of your thighs are healing extremely well. So I’m very happy about that.
I’m also happy that the measurements of the burn areas were precise. We used the palm of your hands to do the measurements and it seems that was a great option. You are a good patient and is compliant with my orders of using the Silvadene cream and the pressure pads. Its because of this the burn areas are healing nicely with just some small keloid areas.
Now we discussed the possibility of the formation of the keloids since you have a past history of keloid scars after cuts. So we are prepared for the next step of your recovery, which will be the cryosurgery for the keloids. Now what that means is that I’m going to basically freeze the areas with liquid nitrogen. I know it sounds painful, so I will administer an injection of a medication that will numb the area. The injection that I will use is Lidocaine with Epi. This will numb the area and also help reduce any bleeding. The best part is that this can be done in the office. So you will not have to back to the surgery center and go under anesthesia.
After you recover from the cyrotherapy, I will decide if a corticosteroid injection will be needed. If there is any inflammation or swelling, I will do the injections. You will continue to use the pressure pads to prevent more keloids.
Do you have any questions for me?
HS200: Diseases of the Human Body
INSTRUCTIONS: Please review the Discussion Board grading rubric located under Course Resources to understand how your posts will be evaluated. You need to make responses to your classmates or instructor and your responses should be around 75 words.
CLASSMATE POST #3
The re-emerged of microbes with Tuberculosis (TB) has been going for over the past two decades. This is happening more in countries like Africa and in association with the immigration owing to the human immunodeficiency virus epidemic. There are drug resistant to TB is a threat though worldwide. It is hard to find the right necessitates to better are diagnostics, drugs and vaccines for this Virus. There have been multiple Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, and proportion of recurrent TB cases to reinfection. M. tuberculosis just hang around in some people that have been identified and shown to be associated with geographical origin. There have been question about the near future including identification of mixed infection and transmission probabilities and rates of progression form the infection to the disease.
Polio is a very viral illness and causes a form of nerve injury like paralysis and or difficulty breathing and possible death if not treated right. The last case in the U.S was back in the 1970’s. A though it tried to wipe out the world and still has some affect on children and adults in parts of Asia and Africa. The CDC had taken in to many precautions to protect us from polio. It can take up to 10 days for S/S to show up. *Fever, * Sore throat, * Headache, *Vomiting, *Fatigue. and many other. There are vaccines that can help us from getting this and or help reduce the illness. Polio mainly affects children younger than age 5. But anyone who hasn’t been vaccinated is at high risk of getting the disease.
References : Polio. (2017, December 9). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/polio/symptoms-causes/syc-20376512
CLASSMATE POST #4
Viruses and bacteria are two of the four major groups of microscopic organisms called microbes. Bacteria are single-celled organisms that can be found living almost anywhere on Earth. Most types of bacteria do not cause disease in humans, and many can be helpful, such as those found living inside our bodies that help fight other invading microbes or help us digest food. Though most of the bacteria found inside the human body is harmless, disturbing the balance of their numbers can cause some serious problems such as Strep or Staph infections, or urinary tract infections. The bacteria that cause Pertussis, Tetanus, and Tuberculosis are well-known examples of harmful bacteria that live in the outside environment. Doctors may treat most bacterial infections with antibiotics, though some bacteria can become resistant to the drugs. Treatment can also kill the good bacteria, which leaves the body with one less defense against other harmful microbes.
Viruses are much smaller than bacteria and are made of up DNA or RNA molecules encased in a protein coat. They are invasive and aggressive microbes that exist for the sole purpose of multiplying themselves. Because of this, most viruses cause disease. The severity of a viral infection can often depend on the condition of the immune system. A healthy individual may have an easier time fighting off the common cold or the flu, than someone who is immunocompromised. HIV/AIDS is an example of a serious viral infection that weakens the immune system, making the body more susceptible to other viral infections such as pneumonia or meningitis. Because viruses invade cells and tissues, it can be hard to target the virus directly. Most treatment for viral infections is aimed at symptom management, which can either help the body fight off the virus on its own, or simply keep the virus in check. Vaccinations are the best defense against contracting viral infections.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). (2009). Understanding Microbes in Sickness and in Health. NIH Publication No. 09-4941. Retrieved April 10, 2020 from https://kapextmediassl-a.akamaihd.net/healthSci/HS200/HS200_1803A/Readings/Understanding_Microbes-In_SicknessandinHealth.pdf