I need this assignment broken into two documents.
Respond to the following in a minimum of 150 words:
Explain the fundamental differences between the theories of Freud and Rogers. Discuss the social and cultural factors that contributed to these differences. Describe at least two ways in which these theorists are similar.
Respond to each of the following in a minimum of 75 words:
Number 1: Sigmund Feud and Carl Rogers are known to be important figures in psychology and carry massive influence towards future individuals that inspire and cover wide ranges of work. Both Feud and Rogers provided vital information in relation towards personality (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). Many theorists in the modern day tend to hold their findings to a higher standard than other big names that have come after them. Given that Sigmund Feud and Carl Rogers was and still continue to be crucial figures in the field of study, many common conclusions were connection between these two theorists. Through the concept of human behavior, both theorists have found opposing views on the matter. Both Feud and Rogers studied a parted fraction of personality that discussed a personâ€™s hidden identity (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). How both of these theorists differed in theory is due to the state of which the individual was developed in. Sigmund Freud believed that our hidden personality is made from our â€œoriginalâ€ makeup without influences from others. Carl Rogers believed that our personality was conjured from social influence and the demands of society.
Cervone, D., & Pervin, L. A. (2013). Personality: Theory and Research (12th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
One of the main differences between Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory of personality and Carl Rogers Humanistic Theory is that Freud mainly focused on the subconscious mind and also focused on the personality forming from subconscious structures in the human mind such as the Id, Ego and Superego. While Freud’s theory is based on subconscious mind and resolving conflicts from childhood, Carl Rogers’ Humanistic Theory focuses more on how one’s self-esteem develops (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). Roger’s also stated that people’s abilities to reach their actualizing potentials helps develop their self-esteem. So to summarize, it seems as though Freud’s theory focuses on systems that are out of our control, whereas Roger’s attributes humanity and people’s development of their personality to more deliberate forces, like being one’s own choice in a sense. Roger’s theories development may be emphasized by ideas that became more prominent such as self help groups (Cervone & Pervin, 2013). One way in which they are both similar is through the idea that incidents in one’s early life and life affect one’s self-esteem and sense of self.
Cervone, D., & Pervin, L. A. (2013). Personality: Theory and research (12th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.