Due date: Tuesday, October 22, 2019, IN CLASS. There will be no extensions. Plagiarized work is given a failing grade and referred to the Office of Judicial Affairs at Queens College.
Instructions: you must answer both essay questions. Include parenthetical citations in the essay, i.e., (Loimeier 62). You do not need a Works Cited/Bibliography. Do not cite websites. Final paper should be 4-6 pages long.
In your essay I’d like you to engage with what Bruce S. Hall calls “the various racial projects in the history of the West African Sahel” (15) in the medieval and modern eras. Compare and contrast the encounters of medieval Arabs and 19th-century Frenchmen with Berbers/Touaregs. (Define Berber.) In both cases we find that Arabs and French were involved in race-making. How would you define race, and what racial categories and hierarchies did Arabs and the French construct in North Africa and West Africa, respectively? How did these created categories serve social and political aims? And how did the so-called Berbers try to resist these racial categorizations and carve out their own racial origin myths?
Draw on Roman Loimeier, Ramzi Rouighi, and Bruce Hall in your responses.
The sources you have to use are https://books.google.com/books/about/Muslim_Societies_in_Africa.html?id=dR5yCmUejWEC
^ this one is the Roman loimeier
Ramzi Rouighi, “The Andalusi Origins of the Berbers,” Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 2.1 (2010): 93-108.
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